Atlantis on the island of Thera – this view is mainly based upon the
theories of the archaeologists Dr Angelos Galanopoulos and Dr Spiridon
Marinatos. They claim that the catastrophic volcanic eruption that
affected the island of Thera in 1500 BC was in fact the doom of
This eruption tore off a substantial part of the island which then
sank in the Aegean Sea. From that point in time the island had the
shape of a sickle. Thera is situated north of the island of Crete and
southeast of Greece in the Mediterranean Sea.
This map elaborated by the Greek
seismologist Dr A. Galanopoulos shows the island of Thera. He suggests
that the capitol of Atlantis was located in the centre of the crater.
The circular walls and channels
described in the Atlantis report are clearly depicted. Consider the
following excerpt from Plato‘s dialogue:
|“(...)First of all they
bridged over the zones of sea which surrounded the ancient
metropolis, making a road to and from the royal palace.(...)“
Scientists have figured out that the explosion of the volcanic
eruption equalled the energy of a hundred H-bombs.
Adding to Thera those parts of the island that had been torn
off and, in addition, taking into account that the Egyptian
priests might have made a mistake in their translation into the
Greek language in that they translated the Egyptian sign for
“hundred“ with “thousand“ leads to the assumption that Thera or
Crete would perfectly fit into the story of Atlantis.
Nevertheless, there remains some doubt: the signs for “hundred“ and
“thousand“ look so different that they can hardly be confused.
The blast and the tidal wave caused by the explosion could could
have caused the doom of this advanced civilization. Moreover, the
Minoic culture on Crete is equally likely to have been hit by the
tidal wave and was thus doomed to perish. Hence, stronger nations were
put in a position to subjugate the people of Crete without greater
Being a careful reader of the Greek mythology, I
came across the following:
When the citizens of Athens made the goddess
Athena their patron goddess, the sea god Poseidon got so upset
that he instantly flooded Athens and all its surroundings.
Could the catastrophe of Thera be the starting
point of that myth? There is no doubt that the tidal wave caused
by the volcanic eruption had been powerful enough to flood
southern parts of Greece. Is the apocalypse of Thera the starting
point of the Flood legends in the Mediterranean area?
Comprehensive excavations on the islands of Thera and Crete prove that
once there had been a very advanced civilization. Evidence is provided
by a unique art collection including coloured glasses, water pipes,
modern bathing facilities and remarkably luxurious mansions. Temples
such as Knossos Palace have been excavated, reminding of Atlantean
The island of Crete has been populated since 6000 BC and had its
heyday between 2200 and 1450 BC. On Thera, a script had been found
that could not be deciphered yet. There is, however, no doubt that the
well-known but equally undeciphered Linear A script is based upon that
very script. In addition, the script of Linear B was developed on the
island of Crete. After World War II, Michael Ventris decoded the
Linear B signs and found out that this script was the predecessor of
today‘s Greek language.
In his dialogues, Plato also points to the fact that the Greek
people had to regain their knowledge including their script again and
again. Did Plato use Atlantis to digest Greek history? And could it be
that the Atlanteans were in fact the Minoans who suppressed the Greek
mainland at that time?
1500 BC, the Minoic High Culture on Thera and Crete was ahead of
its time but the volcanic eruption led to the doom of the Minoic
empire. The tidal waves caused by the explosion and the volcanic
ash rain are likely to have inflicted severe difficulties upon the
culture. Accordingly, the Minoans were easy prey for the Achaeans
who were next to rule over the country.
|As is the case with Atlantis, the Minoic culture also
maintained a bull cult, therefore bullfights were a familiar
sight. In Greek mythology, the reader comes across a section about
the Minotaur, a creature with a human body but a bull's head that
was held prisoner on the island of Crete. Every year, human
sacrifices were made to the Minotaur. The Greek hero Theseus
finally killed the beast. The record of the labyrinth is probably
an allusion to Knossos Palace with its winding passages.
It is common knowledge that the Minoans were a powerful trading
nation with their influence spread over the whole Mediterranean area.
Imagine the following situation: After the volcanic eruption, the
Egyptians, somewhat limited in their power after the volcanic
eruption, never again heard anything about the Minoans. As a result,
they created a nice myth of a superior empire that provoked its own
doom by the unbelievable arrogance (the lucrative trade routes and the
predominance in the Mediterranean area) of its population.
Now this story is passed on by the declining empire of Egypt to the
ascendant people of Greece. But not for the myth’s sake – not at all.
The story was told in the sense of a warning. That warning was meant
to illustrate that excessive power and wealth directly lead to pride.
Pride, in turn, results in inattention to the political operations of
the surrounding countries. And that was exactly what happened: 100
years leter, Philip II of Macedonia conquered the Greek world – the
warning had failed.
Atlantis on Thera – the advantage of this simple explanation of the
Atlantis mystery lies in the fact that Thera is still accessible.
Researchers can visit and examine the whole island. In his reports,
however, Plato claims that Atlantis is situated beyond the Pillars of
Heracles, that is west of Europe. Also, the Thera theory misses the
opposite continent, for the old Egypts surely did not mean Europe – or